It is part of an enormous expanse of protected land – the 30,000 square kilometre Rungwa – Kisigo – Ruaha ecosystem, most of which made up the Saba Game Reserve in former German colonial times. Ruaha is also interesting as it represents a transition zone where eastern and southern African species of fauna and flora overlap.
The river, after which the Park is named, winds through the eastern section, fringed by tall trees: acacia albida, tamarind and wild figs, as well as the majestic baobab, which could be regarded as the signature tree of Ruaha.
The valley of the Great Ruaha River is thought to be an extension of the Great Rift Valley and the Ruaha flows along the Park’s entire eastern boundary through rugged gorges and open plains.
A rich diversity of animal and plant life is sheltered by the Park. Ruaha is a hauntingly beautiful and wild landscape of miombo forest, rolling woodlands, hills, rivers and plains and possesses a great variety of wildlife, including lion, leopard, cheetah, hunting dog, warthog, giraffe, zebra, huge herds of buffalo and large concentrations of elephant. It is the only East African Part where it is possible to see the greater and lesser kudu, as well as sable and roan antelopes.